Reliable and high-quality stock water is required for each paddock on Tocal. The property is fortunate in having areas of wetland, lagoons, creeks and the Paterson River as natural water resources.
These water bodies, however, can be easily degraded by poor management, and the results of past misuse are evident.
As a general rule introduced pastures are concentrated towards the front of the property and native pastures at the back of the property.
The current management objective is to maintain a balance between the two, so that we can take advantage of both the adaptive nature of native species to environmental conditions and the higher productivity potential of introduced species.
Soils form a complex pattern across the property. This can be simplified by looking at the soil landscapes.
That is the uplands or hills with erosional soil landscapes, the floodplain with alluvial (made up of materials left by rivers) soil landscapes, the midslopes with colluvial (soil accumulated at the base of a hill usually moved by gravity) soil landscapes and the vestigial soil landscapes that remain as evidence of volcanic activity.
Each of the soils represents different production and management opportunities.
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